I made this tutorial in order simplify painting a tree for my watercolor students. There are many ways to paint a tree, but this one has given me the greatest success in teaching how to think about the light-to-dark process of painting a deciduous tree.
This exercise uses three main steps for painting the tree.
- Using a light value of yellows and greens, paint one big shape to represent all the leaves. Make sure that the edges are irregular and “leafy.” Leave some holes for the birds to fly through. (The edges of the holes should be irregular also.) Let this dry.
- Using a darker value of green, paint in some shadow shapes in the leaves on top of the first layer. Only paint about 30% of the initial shape. The arrow on the page is a reminder that the sun is coming from that direction, so the shadows should be mainly away from that side. Let this dry. If the shadow shapes look pasted on, soften a few of the edges and let it dry.
- This is the hardest step to conceptualize. Starting with the trunk, paint it down into the grass and up to the bottom of the tree. Weave the trunk up through the leaves, making it thinner as it gets higher and branches out. Only paint on the darker green and in the bird holes. (Because we want to suggest that the lightest leaves are in the sunlight and closer to us, imagine the branch going behind these leaves and coming out the other side.) The shadowed leaves and the bird holes are wonderful opportunities to show the branches dividing and going in a different direction. Like the trunk, the branches get thinner the further out they are. (This tree could have had many more branches and twigs.)
I left a space on the left for my students to paint step 1 while looking at the example. Then they can use my first stage painting to practice step 2, and my step 2 to practice putting in the trunk and branches.
This is an exercise that I suggest you DO try at home!